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Snack Sticks 101: How to Make Homemade Venison or Beef Sticks

Snack sticks, beef sticks, slim jims, whatever you want to call them, these on-the-go meat treats are a staple in sausage making. A cousin of jerky, this semi-dry sausage is thinner in diameter and can be made from pork, beef, venison or other combinations of wild game. 

Snack sticks are ground then stuffed in either collagen or natural casings. They can be seasoned with virtually any profile and enhanced with add-ins like high-temp cheese, encapsulated citric acid or cultures. No matter how you flavor them, they're the perfect hand-held snack and are a great way to utilize your venison or leftover trimmings. 

Tools of the Trade 

  • Meat Grinder with 3/8” and 3/16” plates
  • Meat Mixer or Your Hands
  • Meat Lug or Large Food-Safe Container
  • Stuffer (13 or 16mm horn)
  • Smokehouse 


Meat (and Fat)

Making sure you have the right meat-to-fat ratio is important when making any type of sausage. For snack sticks, you'll want to shoot for a range of 15-25% fat and 85-75% lean for the finished product. Any leaner, and you risk a dry and crumbly texture. When working with venison, we recommend adding about 50% venison and 50% pork trim with 50% fat content. Pork trim, or the trimmings from the shoulder or butt, are typically available at your local butcher shop (make sure to call ahead!). If you want to be really precise, you can separate the visible fat from the meat and weigh them out separately to get the exact ratios. 


Grinding & Mixing

Snack sticks don't require a very fine grind, as you'll want to retain some visual separation of fat and meat in your final product. To get the right texture, we recommend grinding twice; the first pass through a 3/8“ plate then twice through a 3/16” plate. 

Pro tip: Remember to always keep your meat cold! We recommend popping your meat block back into the cooler between grinds to prevent smearing. 

Once each of your proteins has been ground, you can begin mixing either by hand or by using a meat mixer. We recommend doing it by hand for batches less than 25 lbs as you don't want to break the any encapsulated citric acid or high-temp cheese you're adding in.


Seasonings & Additives

Begin by adding your seasoning. Whether you're making venison, beef or pork sticks, we recommend our No. 765 Honey BBQ Snack Stick Seasoning or No 769 Willie's Seasoning. Both have a great depth of flavor that are equally good on their own or mixed with other additives like high-temp cheese. Other favorite snack stick seasonings are: 

If your seasoning doesn't have any larger pieces, you can season after the first grind and have the grinder do some of the distribution for you.

All of our snack stick seasonings come complete with cure for up to 25 lbs. of meat. Nitrites help preserve the red in the meat in the absence of oxygen and also kill bacteria that can result in food-borne illnesses. Add the appropriate amount of cure for your meat batch to your water and stir to combine.

Once the seasonings and cure have been well incorporated, this is the time to add in any other flavorings. We like to add in high-temp cheddar cheese and encapsulated citric acid. Encapsulated citric acid gives a mouthwatering tang to your finished sausage and because it's coated, won't break down the texture of the meat. 

For snack sticks, you'll want to get a good amount of protein extraction before stuffing. The end results should be sticky and pasty, with seasonings well incorporated throughout. For proper flavor and color development, refrigerate your meat mixture overnight or for several hours before stuffing. 

    Casings

    Snack sticks have a smaller diameter and are typically made with either natural sheep casings or small collagen casings.  We prefer the irresistible “snap” that comes from natural sheep casings, but collagen casings will offer better uniformity and rich mahogany color. We recommend: 


    Processing 

    One of the trickiest parts of making sausage is the processing or smoking process. If the sausages heat too quickly, the fat has the potential of melting out of the snack stick and the encapsulated acid can break down. The key is to gradually increase the temperature to ensure there's no fat or additive loss. 

    We recommend using a high quality electric smokehouse, like thePro Smoker PK-100, which uses sawdust as smoke fuel. Always refer to your manufacturers instructions for smoking times and temperatures, but as a general rule, our recommend processing schedule is: 

    • Set smokehouse to 120° F. Hung sausage and set in the smokehouse to dry for ½ hour (no smoke)
    • Increase temperature to 130° F and smoke for 1 hour (dampers closed 75%)
    • Increase temperature to 150° F and smoke for 1 hour
    • Increase temperature to 170° F and remove smoke
    • Cook until internal temperature of the snack stick reaches 155° F degrees

    Cooling

    There are two ways to cool down sausage or snack sticks after the smoking process: air drying or ice bath. If you choose to air dry, let the sticks rest at room temperature for about ½ hour to bring the internal temperature of the snack sticks down to 110 degrees before placing them in the fridge to cool completely. The ice bath method goes faster, but both processes with get the casings to firm up and create the nice snap texture when you bite into it.

    Once in the fridge, wait until the snack sticks reach an internal temperature of 39 degrees before vacuum packing or storing. If properly sealed and packaged, snack sticks can last in the freezer for several months or in the refrigerator for 2-3 weeks. 

    For printable instructions, see our recipe for Honey BBQ Venison Snack Sticks. 

     

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